Maybe we need a universal income. Pay everyone £20k a year regardless of their situation. Raise taxes for higher earners and nationalise all essential services.
this would probably sort it out and more countries have been looking into universal incomes. The one thing that will stop it is people thinking some people are getting something for nothing that they are not.
Ontario is going ahead with a trial of this. It's probably important to note that in this trial the universal income replaces all other government assistance. If this were to happen in Britain it would end the well established practice of only assisting the 'favoured groups' i.e. families with children, the elderly and the disabled. Can't see that happening somehow.
It is possible. I think it would be really difficult for a country like Britain though, which already has some of the highest welfare spending in the world.
I can imagine that if it came in in Britain the favoured groups and their political representatives would cry foul to such an extent that it couldn't happen. The scheme could perhaps be that the universal payment is in addition to existing benefits. The cost would be huge though, taxes would have to be so high that working in Britain would no longer be attractive. That's unless the government of the day decides to place more debt on the shoulders of those at school, in play groups or haven't even been born yet.
I suspect it might be the future if automation continues to develop at the ever increasing rate that it has over the last decades.
The question might be "can it happen without revolution"
And that leads to the question "If there is revolution will it knock society back into an earlier stage of development?"
Re. your second question: I've thought for some time that the civilisation we have today, which took thousands of years to develop, is akin to an eggshell. A light tap leads to a small crack, it stays intact. A big impact, causing a big crack, leads to destruction.